Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic Dentistry
Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic Dentistry is a subspecialty of dentistry that is responsible for providing harmony and beauty to the smile.

When describing a “beautiful smile”, it is not only about the teeth, but three distinct components that define it must be taken into account:

  • The lips
  • The  gums
  • The teeth

All of them must be analyzed together by the specialist in dental aesthetics to obtain the desired balance in the results. 


The size and color of the gums is a key element for a smile, therefore, its alignment and conditioning is essential in a beautiful and natural design.

The gums must present an adequate length and a healthy color, as well as an arched shape in perfect alignment with the teeth.

There are several periodontal techniques indicated to maintain the health of the gums, as well as to cover the roots of the patients’ teeth when they seem too long.


The treatment of the teeth is the most delicate part of the smile design. It is important to analyze the shape, size, and color to offer each person results that are aesthetically pleasing and natural at the same time.

The most common treatments are dental veneers and teeth whitening. Apart from these procedures,  dental aesthetics also includes those oral rehabilitation techniques necessary to improve the smile and  Digital Smile Design as the digital mechanism to plan and facilitate the work of the specialist and increase confidence in the patient.

The smile design is the commercial term that means a dental procedure called ” previous aesthetic restoration, ” a process by which more and more people are interested. The attachment to the so-called ‘smile designs’ has a very serious background, people are under very strong social and aesthetic pressure. People believe that because they see straight smiles on television it is normal to have the spaces in their teeth sealed with resins, but the truth is otherwise. The teeth are not square, they are slightly rounded, and they are not the same size. The design is not the same for everyone, and there everything depends on the clinic where the patient decides to be treated.

Having A Nicer Smile Can Pay Off In The Long Run

It is important to note that the design also includes an evaluation by an orthodontist who will determine if a change in position or alignment of the teeth is needed and a change in the position of the jaws. A smile design is not synonymous with “dental veneers” it must be made according to the needs of each one. Dental veneers can be placed at any age, as long as you already have permanent teeth, they do not cause any damage to the tooth. In the design, it must be taken into account that teeth have their parameters and characteristics, which each individual has. At Axioma Estudi Dental we do not create dental veneers with a “standard design” applied to all. It should not be done the same for everyone, each patient is a unique individual.…

History Of Dentistry

History Of Dentistry
History Of Dentistry

The First Dentists

Ancient Egypt was one of the first great historical civilizations and developed over more than three millennia. In this culture, medicine was a well-developed profession practiced by the upper class. Dentistry, on the other hand, enjoyed less prestige, being considered a lower social class occupation. Doctors like Howi, who treated diseases of the teeth, or Hesi-Re, head of the court’s medical school, considered the first known dentist in history, practiced in this period.

The Egyptian papyri are the main source of knowledge of Egyptian medical culture. The one discovered by the German novelist Georg Ebers belongs to the year 1550 BC. C. and, together with the Edwin Smith papyrus (1600 BC), it is considered one of the most important medical papyri of Ancient Egypt. Both documents describe dental treatments such as the application of incense powder to cure pain caused by cavities or trepanations in the jaw to drain abscesses.

Rotary Endodontic Handpiece

With continuous, slow, and constant rotation, these instruments made of a nickel-titanium alloy are more flexible than traditional stainless steel hand files. Powered by a small electric motor, they make the root canal procedure much faster than with conventional files. They are also equipped with a detector that allows the dentist to locate the tip of the root and avoid perforations.

Advantages Of Rotary Endodontics

Rotary endodontic methods offer several advantages over manual passage treatments:

• Faster treatment (often in an appointment);

• Patients feel much more comfortable during treatment;

• More reliable;

• There are no unpleasant noises;

• More precision (the flexibility of the instruments allows a better negotiation of curved channels);

• Higher quality treatments (more consistent).

The dentist, popularly known as a dentist, is the health professional in charge of the oral health of his patients. Broadly speaking, we can say that dentistry deals with the care, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the mouth and teeth. Be that as it may, one must take into account the wide variety of disorders that affect this area of ​​the body: from simple cavities to jaw problems. Thus, within dentistry, there are many subspecialties. Have you ever considered working as a professional dentist? Have you always wondered what the man in the white coat that made you see the stars studied? Well, pay attention to this post. Here we solve the most frequent doubts about the academic training of dentists. 

In the first place, it is advisable to warn of a phenomenon that is harmful to patients. And is that dentistry is a sector with a lot of professional intrusions. Thus, every time we visit a consultation we must make sure that our dentist is registered and has the necessary guarantees.

What Is A Career In Dentistry?

Currently, in Spain, a degree in dentistry is offered in 12 public and 5 private universities. Although there may be some curricular variation between centers, the study plan of the degree is usually adjusted to this scheme:

First Course

  • Extension of Oral Histology.
  • Human anatomy.
  • Biostatistics.
  • Cell Biology, Genetics, and Histology.
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • Human physiology.
  • Introduction to the Clinic and Radiology.
  • Introduction and History of Dentistry.
  • Oral Microbiology.
  • Psychology and Communication.
  • Introduction to the Clinic.
  • Radiology.

Second Course

  • Pathological anatomy.
  • Epidemiology and Public Health.
  • Pharmacology.
  • Materials in the Dental Clinic.
  • Dental Materials.
  • Preventive and Community Dentistry.
  • General and Medical Pathology.
  • Stomatological prosthesis I.
  • Surgical Pathology.
  • Dental Pathology and Therapeutics I.
  • Forensic Dental Technique.

Third Course

  • Oral surgery.
  • Stomatology and Systemic Pathology.
  • Oral Medicine.
  • Orthodontics I.
  • Dental Pathology and Therapeutics II.
  • Stomatological prosthesis II.

Fourth Course

  • Pediatric dentistry.
  • Orthodontics II.
  • Dental Pathology and Therapeutics III.
  • Periodontics.
  • Stomatological prosthesis III.

Fifth Course

  • Advanced Oral Surgery
  • Gerodontology
  • Dentistry in Special Patients.
  • Integrated Adult Dentistry.
  • Advanced Periodontics.
  • Integrated Children’s Dentistry.
  • Professionalism and Legal and Forensic Dentistry.
  • Complex Integrated Children’s Dentistry.
  • Orthodontics and Advanced Dentofacial Orthopedics.
  • Final degree project.
  • Advanced Oral Surgery and Implantology.
  • Professionalism.
  • Legal and Forensic Dentistry.

The Influence Of Religion On Dentistry

The Influence Of Religion On Dentistry
The Influence Of Religion On Dentistry

Already in the third-century d. C., the Mayans made incisions to embed semi-precious stones in their mouths. It is believed that these practices denoted social rank and that with them the gods were worshiped.

Several centuries later, in the middle of the Middle Ages, religion once again occupied a central place in the mentality of a good part of Mediterranean societies, which is why many people considered that medical practices went against the word of God. The little dentistry that was practiced was practiced by some friars clandestinely in the monasteries, but the ecclesiastical authorities ended up prohibiting these practices, and healers, barbers, and charlatans took over. The latter went from town to town offering their dental services in the middle of the street and without asepsis. Extractions thus became a form of public entertainment, just like executions. 

The Dental Advances Of The Renaissance

The arrival of the Renaissance in the 15th century meant the rediscovery and assimilation of Greco-Roman culture, based on the free contemplation of nature. This cultural movement replaced medieval ethnocentrism with anthropocentrism, thus freeing science from theology and superstition. 

During this period, numerous works were published that were key to the evolution of dentistry, by the Flemish anatomist and physician Andreas Vesalius or “Libellus de Dentibus”, by the Italian anatomist and physician Bartolomeo Eustachio. The latter was the first book devoted exclusively to the anatomy of the oral cavity.

The Origin Of Modern Dentistry

However, the first to provide a complete scientific description of dentistry was Pierre Fauchard, recognized as the ‘father of modern dentistry ‘. His book, “Le chirurgien dentiste” (1728) explains the basic oral anatomy and functions, as well as the signs and symptoms of oral pathology and the recommended treatments to treat it. The French doctor was also a pioneer in the area of ​​prosthodontics, devising ways to replace lost parts.

A century later, Horace H. Hayden and Chapin A. Harris founded the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, after their project to create a dental school in several American universities failed as a result of resistance from the medical faculty. Harris organized, besides, the American Society of Dental Surgeons and in 1856 was named president of the society that replaced it; the American Dental Convention, predecessor, along with other organizations, of the American Dental Association.

How To Become A Dentist

  • To gain admission to a dental school in the US, you will need to take the DAT exam, which is administered by the American Dental Association and consists of 280 questions lasting 5 hours. The average grade for this exam is 19 out of 30. You should take about a year and a half before starting your studies at dental school. In most cases, it is usually taken in the spring or summer of the junior year of undergraduate studies. 
  • On the exam, you will find many questions related to the natural sciences, as well as reading comprehension and quantitative reasoning.
  • It is important to score high on this exam because dental schools in the US are very competitive. For example, hundreds of applicants apply to some of the best schools in the country, but only 100 to 200 of them are admitted.
  • Pass the National Board Dental Examination written exam if you live in the US Once you have completed your degree at an accredited institution, you will need to meet the licensing requirements. In most places, you will need to take certain tests after you have earned your degree. Usually one of them is a written exam that tests your basic knowledge of the field.
  • Pass clinical exams. If you live in the US, the place or state where you live will grant you a license to practice as a dentist. These tests will differ depending on the state, but they are clinical and require you to treat patients. If you intend to practice in the state where your dental school is located, it will often be the one who will conduct the exam either annually or semi-annually.

The career of Dentistry

The career of Dentistry
The career of Dentistry

Who chooses to study dentistry has a series of relevant data that push him to choose this option. The duration of the degree is five years, which implies that those who are oral health professionals have had one more year of training than professionals in other fields.

Its cut-off mark is quite high, reaching the highest mark at the University of Salamanca with 11.831 out of 14 and the lowest with 11.15.

Obtaining this grade in the selectivity tests implies being an intelligent and constant person in the studies so that dental students have a high quality intellectual and personal profile.


Dentistry is a rewarding but challenging field, as are most health care careers. Some challenges include the high level of education required and the tuition costs can be prohibitive for some. Also, there is a great competition to get into dental school.

Owning a business is always a challenge, and many dentists must handle the responsibilities of business ownership in addition to their work as a dentist. Managing the financial and administrative aspects, including hiring and managing staff, can be time-consuming and stressful.

Additionally, the patient volume may decline in tough economic times, as many people will put off routine or preventive visits by cutting financially. Office revenue (and dentist revenue) can decrease when patient volume decreases.

The Average Income For Dentists

While there are many challenges to being a dentist, one of the many draws to a career in dentistry is pay. According to the BLS, the median salary for salaried dentists is $ 142,870. Dentists in private practice generally earn more than salaried (employed) dentists.

While this is a comfortable income, keep in mind that you can incur a significant amount of debt while earning the necessary graduate degree in dentistry. Therefore, your financial situation can suffer while you are paying off your student loans for many of your early years as a dentist.

Licenses And Certifications For Dentists

Most states require a state license to practice in the state. It can consist of both a written and a practical section. The written portion can be satisfied by the National Board dental exam, in most states. Dentists may be licensed in general dentistry or one of the nine recognized specialties of dentistry.

Some states may also require a residency training period of up to two years, which is shorter than residency training for prospective physicians, which is a minimum of three years and can be five or more.…

Programs Or 3D Software On Dental

Programs Or 3D Software On Dental
Programs Or 3D Software On Dental

Medical programs or software are more common in use today; in dentistry, they are increasingly used as a tool to:

  • Diagnosis
  • Planning
  • Treatment

Together they work for the visualization of bone structures or soft tissues, reconstructing the planar images of said studies to a volumetric image or also called 3D.

From this planning, the surgical guide can be manufactured using a 3D printer in order to transport the virtual planning exactly to something physical, with it it will allow us to perform minimally invasive surgeries, place implants with greater precision, protect important structures such as nerves, maxillary sinuses, contiguous tooth roots, the ideal position to have a good emergence and a prosthesis with a suitable design, minimize errors, reduce surgical times that in turn, the patient will obtain a better postsurgical evolution.

Programs Or 3D Software On Dental
  • Clinical Case
  • 3d Diagnosis
  • Model Scanning And 3d Surgical Planning
  • Use Of Surgical Guidance For Guided Surgery Of Implants
  • Placement Of Graft In Putty
  • Immediate Loading With Placement Of Screwed Provisional Prostheses

Material And Method

Eleven mandibles from a fresh cadaver were studied, half of them toothed, which underwent CBTC and a surgical procedure to lateralize the lower dental nerve in order to measure the thickness of the vestibular table and the thickness of the mandibular or inferior dental canal (CDI) at 5, 15 and 25 mm from the most posterior part of the mental foramen.

The results obtained by our study indicate that CBTC, being the best diagnostic method currently available, still presents differences with respect to reality. This discrepancy is 1.15  mm on average in relation to the thickness of the buccal bone table that covers it and 0.3  m on average in relation to the thickness of the ICD.

Low-dose Digital Radiographs Have Several Advantages:

• Digital radiographs reduce the patient’s radiation exposure by up to 90 percent compared to the already low exposure of traditional dental radiographs.

• Your dentist can instantly view and enlarge images, making it easier for us to spot problems and point them out.

• Digital X-rays do not require film processing, eliminating the need to dispose of harmful waste products and chemicals into the environment.

Cone Beam Imaging (CT Scans)

A CT scan of the oral cavity, particularly at the potential dental implant site, prior to an implant procedure is critical. It can help assess a patient’s suitability for an implant procedure, including detailed visualization of the depth of the existing underlying jaw bone that can help determine if a patient may require a bone graft.

A diagnostic CT scan is also vital for accurate, precise, and safe implant placement with as few complications as possible. Essentially, a CT scan prior to a dental implant procedure will significantly improve the likelihood of a successful smooth procedure and a smooth recovery thereafter.

Guided Implantology

Even today, dentists are still trained to perform dental implant placement without a computer guide. This conventional method would often require more time, processes, and incisions to complete the job. Consequently, for some patients, this could also lead to additional downtime after surgery.

However, with computer-guided implant technology, dentists are better able to place the implant in a precise location. Advanced equipment and displays allow dentists to clearly see available bone, surrounding tissues, and where to safely install the implant. …